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How Do Missing Fatty Acids Work in Humans?



How Do Missing Fatty Acids Work in Humans?

How Do Missing Fatty Acids Work in Humans?

The daily intake of carbohydrates, proteins and fatty acids were determine.

Although fatty acid deficiency is quite rare, it may be deficient in some people.

The human body can synthesize some fatty acids.


The enzyme require for the synthesis of Omega 3 and Omega 6 fatty acids are not found in the human body.

Are Fatty Acids Necessary for the Human Body?

Some fatty acids are necessary for cell membranes to function well and function.

Omega 3 and Omega 6 fatty acids cannot be produced in the body.

Some specialized enzymes are required for the synthesis of fatty acids. According to research from the Linus Pauling Institute, an important organization; The human body can produce monochain unsaturated fatty acids and some saturated fatty acids. Thanks to the presence of the necessary enzyme, there is no deficiency of fatty acids produced. The important thing is that omega 3 and 6 fatty acids must be produced from the ALA mechanism, which is essential for some especially the two types of omega 3 fatty acids. Humans do not have the mechanism to carry out this kind of transformation. Since the necessary mechanism is not fully available, experts recommend taking two types of Omega 3 fatty acids as an extra.



It has been found that these two types of omega 3 fatty acids, which are necessary for the body, benefit body resistance, that is, immunity. The reason for this benefit is that it contributes to the proliferation of red blood cells. Red blood cells have an effect on increasing the immunity of the person against diseases. Omega 3 fatty acids are of great importance in the release of red blood cells, which provide resistance against all kinds of microbes that may come from the outside. DHA, which is one of the two types of omega 3 fatty acids, has been found to be especially effective on brain and intelligence development. According to the results of the researches, incomplete DHA intake may cause deficient development of brain cells, especially in babies of expectant mothers. Neurons, which are brain cells, are important for neural transmission and exchange. Most of these cells are made up of essential fatty acids. In the deficiency of these fatty acids, results such as growth retardation can be reached.

If DHAs, which are necessary for eye health, are deficient in the nutrition of the expectant mother, the baby’s eye development may be interrupted. Moreover, it can lead to permanent damage, that is, loss of vision. Defects in brain and eye health that may develop as a result of the lack of essential fatty acids may be permanent. Many essential unsaturated fatty acids are needed for the healthy functioning of the nervous system. It is inevitable that there will be permanent damage due to a disruption in the internal organs and neural transmission mechanism, which contains vital fatty acids. In the content of some hormones necessary for immunity, which is another important function; It contains unsaturated fatty acids that are not produced in the human body. Oxylipins, which are especially necessary for body resistance, are synthesized in the presence of these fatty acids. In the absence of PUHA unsaturated fatty acids, which are also important in the function of genes related to inflammation that occurs in injury situations, it is possible to malfunction in these mechanisms.



How to Identify Fat Deficiency in the Body?

It has been stated that Omega 3 and Omega 6 fatty acids are essential fatty acids for the human body. The deficiency of essential fatty acids EFAs in particular can be recognized by some indications. The symptoms of extremely low fatty acids are excessive dryness of the skin. Occasionally, rashes occur on the skin and form in the form of flakes. Another symptom is the occurrence of infection, provided that it is very frequent. Due to the excessive reduction of essential fatty acids in the body, which are also very effective in the production of cells necessary for immunity, frequent illnesses and breaks in the body’s resistance are experienced. Babies of expectant mothers may also experience growth problems and problems in brain function. Especially, expectant mothers should consume essential fatty acids without interruption for the healthy development of their babies. Finally, it is seen that the wounds in the body heal very late. The reason for this situation is explained as the fact that the cells responsible for inflammation do not receive enough essential fatty acids.

The essential fatty acids EFAs are found in many foods. Since it does not contain the enzyme that the human body cannot produce, that is, it must be taken from outside. Especially plant and animal origin essential fatty acids are quite high. The classification of plant-derived fatty acids is linoleic acid and alpha-linoleic acid (ALA). Animal origin is also divided into two groups as EPA and DHA. Essential fatty acids of animal origin are obtained from fish known as oily, especially living in cold regions. It is expressed as trout, salmon, tuna, sardines, herring, tuna and oysters. Essential fatty acids of vegetable origin are; corn oil, walnut, linseed, sunflower seed, canola oil, soybean oil and safflower oil. The intake of essential fatty acids, which are necessary for the healthy functioning of the human body, also makes a difference from person to person.


According to the statements of the American organization Linus Pauling Institute; The amounts of essential fatty acids that women and men should consume in their daily diet differ. Women should take up to 1.1 grams of omega 3 fatty acids daily. The recommended amount of omega 3 fatty acids for men is expressed as 1.6 grams. The recommended rate for children is between 0.5 and 1 gram. The daily amount determined in Omega 6, which is another beneficial fatty acid, varies according to the genders. While this amount is 12 grams in women; For men, this amount is declare as 17 grams.


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